1809 - 1882 (aged 73)
Charles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist. After becoming eminent among scientists for his field work and inquiries into geology, he proposed and provided scientific evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from one or a few common ancestors through the process of natural selection.
The fact that evolution occurs became accepted by the scientific community and the general public in his lifetime, while his theory of natural selection came to be widely seen as the primary explanation of the process of evolution in the 1930s, and now forms the basis of modern evolutionary theory.
In modified form, Darwin’s scientific discovery remains the foundation of biology, as it provides a unifying logical explanation for the diversity of life.
|Book||The Voyage of the Beagle||1839|
|Book||On the Origin of Species||1859|
|Book||The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex||1871|
|Book||The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals||1872|
|Book||The Power of Movement in Plants||1880|